Gita Jayanti is the anniversary of the day Lord Sri Krsna and Arjuna had conversed about spiritual and philosophical truths that came to be known as the Bhagavad-Gita. This celebration of Gita Jayanti falls on Moksada Ekadasi, the eleventh day of the second half of Magasirsa (Kesava). Apart from the typical fasting of Ekadasi, devotees spend extra time reading the Bhagavad-Gita and try to understand few verses. Some temples will conduct services where devotees will chant the entire Bhagavad-Gita. Other temples will have devotees present a verse of the Gita and explain their realizations through the verse. In addition, the worshipping of the Gita is a recommended act, for the Lord’s words and no different from His name.
For more information on the Bhagavad-Gita as well as the actual verses to the Gita, please click here to read the Bhagavad-Gita.
Bhagavad-Gita, “the song of the Lord”, is considered to be the most respected literature whether it is from the spiritual point-of-view, the academic point-of-view, or the Indian cultural point-of-view. Bhagavad-Gita is one of the most discussed pieces of literature in colleges and universities, as it has the most profound, scientific, and practical truths found.
The Bhagavad-Gita is a section of the Mahabharata, which takes place right before the war between the Pandavas (the sons of King Pandu, representing dharma, religion, and righteousness. Arjuna was a Pandava) and the Kauravas (the sons of King Dhrtarastra, representing irreligion, anti-dharma, and evil). Right before the war, Arjuna begins to tremble as he sees his relatives, brothers, friends, and cousins on the opposing party. He feels compassionate and upset on the fact that he has to kill them. Krsna explains to the lamenting Arjuna about the science of the soul, the science of God, and the ultimate duty is to fight for dharma. As Arjuna is a ksatriya (administrative and warrior class), he must behave befittingly and kill the ones who are following evil and anti-dharma.
In the eighteen chapter text with seven hundred verses, Krsna explains to Arjuna the five main topics, namely isvara (The Supreme Personality of Godhead), jiva (the science of the soul), karma (action with respect to time), kala (eternal time), and prakrti (nature). The suptopics include the qualities of a devotee, divine and demoniac characteristic, karma yoga, jnana yoga, dhyana yoga, and the most superior and topmost yoga, which is bhakti yoga, or devotional service to the Lord. Krsna makes it evident that He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In Chapter 10, Krsna begins to describe His ouplences. In Chapter 11, when Arjuna requested for Krsna to reveal His divine form, Krsna expands Himself into a colossal form which Arjuna was happy yet in fear of any possible offenses committed unto Krsna.
While Krsna and Arjuna are conversing, Sanjaya (King Dhrtarastra’s charioteer) narrates the conversation to King Dhrtarastra.
Containing the basic foundations of Krsna conscious philosophy and the essence of all Vedic literature, the Gita is accepted to be one of the Upanisads, in which Gita is known as “Gitopanisad.”
As said before, the Bhagavad-Gita is a part of the Mahabharata, specifically, the sixth book with the section called Bhagavad-Gita parva, with sections which do not correspond directly with the individual chapters that is commonly accepted.
Please click any one of the eighteen chapters of the Bhagavad-Gita to see the verses and translations by His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhuapda. To his full commentary, please click the larger link on the far bottom of the page, or click the red links on each chapter to view the chapter individually. You may also find the link to Srila Prabhupada’s Bengali translation of Bhagavad-Gita, known as the Gitar Gan.